The Importance of Muons to Geography

Muons are an extremely dense (207 times heavier than an electron), negatively charged subatomic particle. They were first discovered in 1936 by Carl D. Anderson and Seth Neddermeyer and are formed when high energy protons in cosmic rays collide with atomic nuclei in the Earth’s upper atmosphere. It has been estimated that around 10,000 reach any one square metre of Earth, every minute. Without going … Continue reading The Importance of Muons to Geography

A Defence of Tied Aid

The Importance of Tied Aid with respect to Human Rights

Tied (or conditional) aid is portrayed as toxic by the media, criticised for its perceived controlling and restrictive nature. This seems to contradict the beneficent and altruistic philosophy of aid. Afterall, research shows that due to the monopolising power of donor countries, the cost of goods and services can rise by up to 30%. Continue reading A Defence of Tied Aid